Species: Negaprion brevirostris, Lemon shark
Negaprion brevirostris (Poey, 1868)
Body stout; head broad and flat with broad round to bluntly angular snout; eyes round, small, with lower eyelid; no spiracle; lip furrows at corners of mouth; mouth arched, ends well past eye; upper and lower front teeth with a single narrowly triangular straight point, mainly smooth, large fish may have serrations on bases of upper teeth, teeth straight at front, oblique at sides; five gill slits, last two over pectoral; two dorsal fins, first with origin just behind pectoral, second dorsal 80-100% size of first, origin slightly before anal origin; no ridge between dorsals; pectorals broad; anal fin large, a little smaller than second dorsal, with strongly notched rear margin; dorsals, anal, pelvic and pectoral fins with concave rear borders; pit on top of tail base is longitudinal, straight; tail fin strongly asymmetrical, lower lobe of tail well developed, upper lobe with undulating ridge along its top edge, and a notch under its tip, pits at its base.
Yellow brown on back and sides, yellowish or whitish below.
Attains about 368 cm; size at birth 60-65 cm.
A common inshore shark seen in a variety of habitats including rocky reefs, estuaries, and river mouths (may enter fresh water).
Depth: 0-92 m.
Tropical waters of the E and W Atlantic and E Pacific; the northern US to southern Brazil.
High Resolution Map Download
- Inshore Only
- Water Column Position
- Mid Water
- Near Bottom
- Bottom + water column
- Reef and soft bottom
- Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
- Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
- Sand & gravel
- Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
- Water column
- FishBase Habitat
- Reef Associated
- Feeding Group
- Bony fishes
- Sea snakes/mammals/turtles/birds
- Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
- Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
- Egg Type
- Live birth
- No pelagic larva
- Global Endemism
- East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West)
- Greater Caribbean non-endemic
- Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America)
- All species.
- New world (East Pacific + West Atlantic)
- Regional Endemism
- Also in Brazil
- All species..
- Extends N + S of GC
- Continent + Island (s)
- Extends North of GC
- GC non-endemic
- Extends South of GC
- Island (s)
- Climate Zone
- Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
- Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
- Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
- Temperate (>35N)
- IUCN Red List
- Near threatened
- Not listed
- Length Max
- Depth Range Min
- Depth Range Max