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Species: Negaprion brevirostris, Lemon shark

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout short, wide, round
2 large Ds
yellow brown
teeth: narrow, smooth points



Negaprion brevirostris (Poey, 1868)

Lemon shark

Body stout; head broad and flat with broad round to bluntly angular snout; eyes round, small, with lower eyelid; no spiracle; lip furrows at corners of mouth; mouth arched, ends well past eye; upper and lower front teeth with a single narrowly triangular straight point, mainly smooth, large fish may have serrations on bases of upper teeth, teeth straight at front, oblique at sides; five gill slits, last two over pectoral; two dorsal fins, first with origin just behind pectoral, second dorsal 80-100% size of first, over anal; no ridge between dorsals; pectorals broad; anal fin large, a little smaller than second dorsal, with strongly notched rear margin; pit on top of tail base is longitudinal, straight; tail fin strongly asymmetrical, lower lobe of tail well developed, upper lobe with undulating ridge along its top edge, and a notch under its tip, pits at its base.

Pale yellow brown on back and sides, yellowish or whitish below.

Attains about 296 cm.

A common inshore shark seen in a variety of habitats including rocky reefs, estuaries, and river mouths (may enter fresh water).

Depth: 0-90 m.

Tropical waters of the E and W Atlantic and E Pacific; the northern US to southern Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Rocks
  • Mud
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Estuary
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Sea snakes/mammals/turtles/birds
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Sharks/rays
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • New world (East Pacific + West Atlantic)
  • East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West)
  • Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America)
Regional Endemism
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Also in Brazil
  • Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Continent
  • Extends South of GC
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Near threatened
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max (m)
  • 90
Depth Range Min (m)
  • 0
Length Max (cm)
  • 296