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Species: Negaprion brevirostris, Lemon shark

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

stocky
snout short, wide, round
small eyes
2 large Ds & large A
D, A, pelvic and pectoral fins - concave rear edges
yellow brown

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Negaprion brevirostris (Poey, 1868)

Lemon shark

Body stout; head broad and flat with broad round to bluntly angular snout; eyes round, small, with lower eyelid; no spiracle; lip furrows at corners of mouth; mouth arched, ends well past eye; upper and lower front teeth with a single narrowly triangular straight point, mainly smooth, large fish may have serrations on bases of upper teeth, teeth straight at front, oblique at sides; five gill slits, last two over pectoral; two dorsal fins, first with origin just behind pectoral, second dorsal 80-100% size of first, origin slightly before anal origin; no ridge between dorsals; pectorals broad; anal fin large, a little smaller than second dorsal, with strongly notched rear margin; dorsals, anal, pelvic and pectoral fins with concave rear borders;  pit on top of tail base is longitudinal, straight; tail fin strongly asymmetrical, lower lobe of tail well developed, upper lobe with undulating ridge along its top edge, and a notch under its tip, pits at its base.

Yellow brown on back and sides, yellowish or whitish below.

  

Attains about 368 cm; size at birth 60-65 cm.

  

A common inshore shark seen in a variety of habitats including rocky reefs, estuaries, and river mouths (may enter fresh water).

Depth: 0-92 m.

Tropical waters of the E and W Atlantic and E Pacific; the northern US to southern Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
Habitat
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Rocks
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Sea snakes/mammals/turtles/birds
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Sharks/rays
Egg Type
  • Live birth
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America)
  • East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West)
  • New world (East Pacific + West Atlantic)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Near threatened
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 368
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 92