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  • wide, tapering oval
    adult head v wide, blunt, especially male
    v wide between eyes
    lower gill rakers long, slender, 18-24
    snout all scaled
  • between eyes: not narrow, no ridge
    1st D ray 22-29% head
    D 68-84: A 48-63
    top jaw 39-44% head
    lower head profile angular
    gill rakers: 18, 4-6 upper
    LL straight, 42-50
  • eyes large
    snout with spine
    male: long snout spine, long top pectoral ray
    eye-side pelvic 6
    pectoral base - dark
    LL straight, 40-45
    snout with scales
  • eyes close-set, spine before
    D 90-95; A 70-76
    top jaw: front canines overhang enclosed lower jaw
    gill rakers 3+7-10
    C: often 2 large spots
    D & A: row large spots
  • eyes large
    snout: spines
    male: long central D & A rays -> diamond shape
    male D & A: black blotch behind longest rays
    top jaw 39-44% head
    eye-side pelvic 5
    pectoral axil not dark
    LL straight, 33-37
    snout naked
  • body deep
    between eyes: narrrow + bony ridge
    D 79-82; A 59-63
    body & fins: dense, regularly arranged spots
    top jaw 39-44% head
    edge blind-side operculum: leaf-like cirri
    LL straight
  • eye small, between eyes narrow + crest
    elongate oval
    D 76-84; A 57-63
    end tail base: dark spot
    lower head profile angular
    gill rakers 3-5 + 11-12
    LL straight, 43-47
  • body deep
    eye small, between eyes narrow + crest
    D ~68; A ~52
    eye-side many small white flecks
    LL straight, 52-55