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  • D: VIII (weak) + I, 14
    jaws: long, slender canines
    preopercle smooth
    opercle 2 flat points
    A III, 12
    LL 45-50
  • body depth 26-33% SL
    no fin spines serrated
    D VIII-IX+I,9-10, 2 parts separate
    large size
    gill rakers 15-19
    preopercle toothed/smooth + 2-3 keels
    A II, 7-8
    LL 28-31
    scales smooth
  • body depth 29-36% SL
    D IX+ I,10; 2 parts joined/almost joined
    fin spines smooth
    gill rakers 23-25
    preoperculum serrated, corner without keels
    A II, 9
    LL ~35
  • body depth 26-33% SL
    pelvic spine & 2nd spines of D2 & A serrated
    D: IX + 1, 8-9; 2 parts separate
    gill rakers 17-20
    preopercle toothed, + 2-3 keels
    A II, 7
    LL 29-31
  • body depth 21-27% SL
    serrated fin spines: pelvic only
    D VIII + I, 10, 2 separate parts
    small size
    gill rakers 17-20
    preopercle wealy serrated + 2 keels
    A III, 8-9
    LL 46-51
  • body depth 33-37% SL
    eye huge, > snout
    D1&2 almost separate
    fin spines smooth
    large size
    preoperculum smooth
    A III, 7
    scales rough at front, smooth behind