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  • 4-5 rows black dots along scale rows, central row -> dark line
    D, C & pectoral yellow
    A&pelvics bluish
    Cuba, Belize, S Florida
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip
  • jaws form long beak, lower jaw projects
    teeth = canines
  • under eye - dark bar
    C top margin yellow
    D 6-7
    A 10
    Belize & Honduras
    gill rakers 13-14
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip
    lateral scales 29
  • rows brown dots along scales
    male: lower C margin orange
    D 7-9
    A 8-11
    Belize to Panama
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip
    lateral scales 29-30
  • dark stripe back from eye
    dark line under tail base
    scale edges dark
    D 8-10
    A 10-11
    Caribbean Mexico, Guatemala, Cuba, Bahamas, Cayman, Jamaica
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip
    lateral scales 29-32
  • upper body - large brown spots
    male C: lower margin orange
    D 7-10
    A 10-11
    N Yucatan to Belize
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip
    lateral scales 28-31
  • D base: dark spot at rear
    Haiti
    male: pelvic tips swollen, sex organ - with fleshy palp, no spines
  • dotted stripe - operculum to C
    male: D&C yellow-orange + rows black spots
    female: yellow patch near anus
    male: pelvic tips swollen, sex organ - with fleshy palp, no spines
    Cuba
  • front D: black spot
    1 row hooked teeth
    < / = 8 scale rows origin D to origin A