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  • D1 origin nearer snout than C
    outer row teeth: wide-spaced, recurved, 1 point
    pectoral not reaching D1
    A: III, 9
    scales: 42-47 lateral, 20-23 around tail base
    D2 & A: entirely scaled
  • body deep
    forehead profile convex
    D1 VI-IX, orgin before A origin
  • iris white
    opercle: large gold spot
    pectoral: dark blotch - base top 10 rays
    flank: stripes
    D2 front tip dark
    flank scales + small accessory scales
    top teeth minute, wide tips
    pectoral 15-17, not quite reaching D origin
    A dark, III, 9-10
    scales: 34-39 lateral, 8-11 before pectoral
    D2 & A: completely scaled
  • flank: faint stripes
    fins pale, C edge dark
    D origin mid-body
    pectoral: not reaching D origin; ii,13-15
    pectoral base: large dark blotch
    A III, 9
    scales: 40-44 lateral, 13-15 from D origin to pelvic origin
  • iris orange/red
    opercle: small gold spot
    top pectoral base: small dark spot
    flank: no stripes
    D2 tip - conspicuous black spot
    flank scales: usually no small accessory scales
    A pale
    teeth absent/minute, short
    pectoral 15-17, not quite reaching D origin
    A: III, 9
    scales: 35-38 lateral, 8-11 before pectoral
    D2 & A: completely scaled