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  • head low, wide, spongy, translucent
    inside gill chamber dark
    D 21-23
    centerline nape: 0-few rough scales, not in rows
    gill rakers 52-59
    chin 6 pores
    preopercle 2 strong spines
  • relatively slender
    pale body & fins
    preopercle 12 spines
    D 22-24
    gill rakers 6-7 + 11-13
    A 6-7, 2nd spine thick, long
    LL 50-51
  • fins black
    preopercle 8-9 small spines
    D 19-21
    gill rakers 6-7 + 11-14
    A 6-7, 2nd spine thick, long
    LL 47-49
  • head low, wide, spongy, translucent
    chin 4 pores
    mouth large, oblique, opens at front
    dark band behind front teeth
    gill rakers long, 43-49, 1st arch dark
    preoperculum 6-9 spines
    scales atop head smooth + 1-2 rows rough on center nape
  • head low, wide, translucent, not spongy
    eye small
    top lip: dark moustache
    chin 6 pores
    mouth opens slightly under snout
    no dark band behind teeth
    gill rakers 27-34, 1st arch pale
    preopercle 4-6 spines
  • head low, wide, spongy, translucent
    D 21-23
    gill rakers 40-50
    chin 6 pores
    preopercle 2 strong spines
    inside operculum & mouth black
    scales smooth on head except centerline nape: 1-several rows rough scales
  • head low, wide, spongy, translucent
    D 17-20
    gill rakers 33-39
    preoperculum: 3 strong spines
    head scales smooth