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  • uniform
    D2 & C: black edges
    D2 1-2 basal rows scales
    C straight/doubly concave
    inner lower teeth: uniform size, close-set
    A 10-12
    pectoral < pelvic
    body scales small, smooth, < LL scales
  • plain color
    D2 17-22, 2-3 rows scales on base
    C blunt point
    inner lower teeth: larger at rear
    A 8
    pectoral ~ pelvic
    body scales rough, =/> LL scales
  • faint streaks along scale rows above LL
    D2 23-27, lower 1/2 scaled
    C straight/doubly concave
    inner lower teeth: rear larger, widely spaced
    gill rakers 9-13
    pectoral > pelvic
    body scales rough, =/> LL scales
  • uniform color
    D2 22-25, almost covered with scales
    C angular point
    inner lower teeth: rear larger, widely spaced
    A 8-10
    pectoral < pelvic
    body scales v small, smooth, < LL scales
  • back: oblique dotted lines along scale rows
    D2 24-28, 2-3 rows scales at base
    C straight/slightly concave
    inner lower teeth close-set, central strongest
    inside operculum black
    pectoral > pelvic
    body scales laarge, rough, =/> LL scales
  • uniform
    inside mouth orange
    D2 27-31, 1-2 rows scales at base
    C angular point
    inner row teeth: distinctly larger, rear larger, widely spaced
    A 8-9
    pectoral > pelvic
    body scales small, smooth, < LL scales
  • elongate
    D: space between 2 parts
    front top jaws: 2 large, curved canines
    preoperculum finely serrated
    A II (small), 16-20
  • elongate
    mouth large, oblique
    A II (short, weak), 8-9
    teeth = sharp arrowheads; front teeth - large, top 2 v large
    preoperculum soft, weakly toothed
    C - S shape