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  • oblong
    head large & spongy, eye large
    C punta roma
    mouth oblique
    chin: 1 thin flexible poreless barbel
    preopercle weakly serrated, membranous
    pectoral dark spot
    A II, weak
  • pale + stripes
    D 22-24
    mouth opens at front
    gill rakers 23-25
    preoperculum thin, ~smooth
    A 9; 2nd spine 28-31% head
  • oblong
    eye large
    pectoral base black
    mouth oblique
    front lower jaw: 1 pr canines
    dark grey + spots on scales
  • head low, wide, translucent, not spongy
    eye small
    top lip: dark moustache
    chin 6 pores
    mouth opens slightly under snout
    no dark band behind teeth
    gill rakers 27-34, 1st arch pale
    preopercle 4-6 spines
  • head low, wide, spongy, translucent
    D 21-23
    gill rakers 40-50
    chin 6 pores
    preopercle 2 strong spines
    inside operculum & mouth black
    scales smooth on head except centerline nape: 1-several rows rough scales
  • head low, wide, spongy, translucent
    D 17-20
    gill rakers 33-39
    preoperculum: 3 strong spines
    head scales smooth