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  • flanks: faintly striped
    A 8; 2nd spine thick, ~1st ray
  • pale + stripes
    D 22-24
    mouth opens at front
    gill rakers 23-25
    preoperculum thin, ~smooth
    A 9; 2nd spine 28-31% head
  • oblong
    eye large
    pectoral base black
    mouth oblique
    front lower jaw: 1 pr canines
    dark grey + spots on scales
  • head low, wide, spongy, translucent
    chin 4 pores
    mouth large, oblique, opens at front
    dark band behind front teeth
    gill rakers long, 43-49, 1st arch dark
    preoperculum 6-9 spines
    scales atop head smooth + 1-2 rows rough on center nape
  • head low, wide, spongy, translucent
    eye small
    D X
    mouth opens at front
    lower jaw: central row teeth not enlarged
    preopercle > 4 spines
    gill rakers short, 27-29
    pelvic long
    scales atop nape rough to between eyes
  • head low, wide, spongy, translucent
    D 21-23
    gill rakers 40-50
    chin 6 pores
    preopercle 2 strong spines
    inside operculum & mouth black
    scales smooth on head except centerline nape: 1-several rows rough scales
  • head cónical, deep, not spongy
    D1 XI
    lower teeth: center row slightly enlarged
    chin 6 pores
    gill rakers 28-32
    preopercle 6-7 short spines
    A 8
    1-3 rows rough scales on centerline of nape
  • head low, wide, spongy, translucent
    D 17-20
    gill rakers 33-39
    preoperculum: 3 strong spines
    head scales smooth