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  • jaws form long beak, lower jaw projects
    teeth = canines
  • dark scale edges -> cross-hatching
    D 7-8 (5-10)
    A 8-11
    gill rakers 5-12
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip
    lateral scales 26-34
  • under eye - dark bar
    C top margin yellow
    D 6-7
    A 10
    Belize & Honduras
    gill rakers 13-14
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip
    lateral scales 29
  • rows brown dots along scales
    male: lower C margin orange
    D 7-9
    A 8-11
    Belize to Panama
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip
    lateral scales 29-30
  • 4-5 rows black dots along scale rows, central row -> dark line
    D, C & pectoral yellow
    A&pelvics bluish
    Cuba, Belize, S Florida
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip
  • dark stripe back from eye
    dark line under tail base
    scale edges dark
    D 8-10
    A 10-11
    Caribbean Mexico, Guatemala, Cuba, Bahamas, Cayman, Jamaica
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip
    lateral scales 29-32
  • several lines conspicuous black dots along body
    fins yellowish
    D 8-10
    A 11
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip, tip blunt, round
    lateral scales 28-30
  • upper body - large brown spots
    male C: lower margin orange
    D 7-10
    A 10-11
    N Yucatan to Belize
    male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip
    lateral scales 28-31