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  • eyes & crests above them not high
    nostrils well behind snout tip
    mouth closer to eyes than snout tip
  • small, slender
    D1 short, base nearer pelvic than pectoral
    C no lower lobe, = long ribbon
    teeth very small, similar on both jaws, with multiple points
    rear teeth = combs
    A present
  • body firm; head and snout short
    eye crests: only bottom, poorly developed
    pectorals large
    Ds similar
    denticle crests: top & sometimes bottom edges of C
    teeth similar both jaws: large central + pair smaller lateral cusps
    A large, >> Ds
  • eye: small, oval, behind mouth
    2 large Ds
    under snout: 2 barbels
  • body soft, flabby
    ridge below eye, not above
    C almost no lower lobe
    denticle crests: top & sometimes bottom edge C
    pectoral small
  • crest over eye
    D1 ~ D2
    lip grooves: moderate size, both jaws
    rear body v elongate
  • crest over eye
    D2 < D1
    lip furrow - lower only