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  • scales smooth/weakly rough
    both jaws: 1 row teeth, + canines
    lower jaw strongly projects
    A 9
  • preopercle: serrated rear edge
    stomach & intestine pale
    inner pelvic ray mostly free from body
    pectoral 11-12; A 8
    nape + central scale row
    scales rough
    LL scales = body scales
  • preopercle: smooth rear edge
    inner pelvic ray mostly free from body
    nape - no central scale row
    scales smooth
  • preopercle: rear edge serrated, membrane extends to rear
    inner pelvic ray connected to body
    nape - central scale row
    scales rough
  • preopercle serrated
    pectoral 11-12
    inner pelvic ray free from body
    stomach and intestine black
    center nape - scale row
    scales rough
    LL scales larger than body scales