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  • top jaw scaled
    LL interrupted below soft D, 46-57
    scales around tail base 25-28
    no accessory scales
    scales rough, teeth on edges only
  • front nostril + flap
    D X, 13-16
    roof mouth: front tooth patch- not elongated at rear
    gill rakers 37-48
    head all scaled
    LL 31-48
  • maxilla no scales
    D: spines IV-VI longest
    LL 36-53
    scales rough, teeth on edges only
    gill rakers 36-43
    scales around tail base 22-29
  • top head profile convex
    front nostrils tubular
    D VIII-IX, 13-15, shallow notch
    C slightly concave
    rear top jaw: small hook
    opercular spine short
  • elongate
    eye large
    D X (with filaments), 12-15
    top jaw to between eyes - no scales
    gill rakers 31-39
    LL 47-71, 34-50 around tail base