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  • D IX, 10, no notch
    head & jaws scaled
    lower front teeth enlarged, exposed, fit into top-jaw notch
    bone under eye partly covers top jaw bone
    operculum 2 spines
  • front nostril + flap
    D X, 13-16
    roof mouth: front tooth patch- not elongated at rear
    gill rakers 37-48
    head all scaled
    LL 31-48
  • top head profile convex
    front nostrils tubular
    D VIII-IX, 13-15, shallow notch
    C slightly concave
    rear top jaw: small hook
    opercular spine short
  • elongate
    eye large
    D X (with filaments), 12-15
    top jaw to between eyes - no scales
    gill rakers 31-39
    LL 47-71, 34-50 around tail base
  • body depth 21-31% SL
    D sections separate; IX (all visible) + I,9
    scales smooth
    preoperculum strongly toothed
    top jaw - canines
    all fin spines smooth
    A II,7
  • body depth 33-37% SL
    D1&2 almost separate
    fin spines smooth
    scales rough at front, smooth behind
    preoperculum smooth
    A III, 7
    LL 42-48