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  • snout pointed, short
    eye forward, near top
    D origin behind large pectorals
    long mouth
    strong, pointed teeth
    gill opening lateral, large
  • head large, fat, forehead concave
    eye low
    mouth oblique, large, front teeth v exposed
    tongue = fleshy lure
  • elongate (depth 3% TL)
    tail 60% TL, tip hard & finless
    eye over mid-mouth
    D origin well behind pectorals
    LL strongly arched on head
    mouth terminal
    teeth minute, conical, top jaw - 4 rows
    pectorals large, narrow base
  • elongate (depth 3.3% TL); tail 56% TL, tip blunt
    eyes near snout tip
    D origin well behind pectorals
    snout: short, depressed, club-shaped, overhanging
    mouth long
    jaw teeth: 2 rows, outer row = fangs; vomer 2 rows small teeth
    pectorals large, narrow base
  • elongate (depth ~3.3% TL); tail 54% TL, tip blunt
    eye near snout tip, protrudes above
    D origin well behind pectorals
    snout long, straight, overhanging, tip curved down
    mouth long
    teeth long, conical, 3 rows above, 2 rows below, vomer 1 row large
    pectorals large, narrow base
  • body depth 2.2% TL; tail 63% TL
    front nostril tubular; eye small
    snout conical, overhanging, not grooved
    D origin mid-body
    tail tip flexible; C visible, joins D&A
    rear nostril before eye, in top lip, with flap
    teeth small, conical, single rows
    pectoral minute, visible
  • snout pointed, overhanging
    eye over center mouth
    D origin near pectoral
    tail = / > 1/2 TL, tip hard, finless, blunt
    mouth large; teeth pointed but no fangs
    any top lip barbels not pendulous
    pectoral > eye, base < gill slit
  • snout: cónical, overhanging, groove underneath
    D origin behind pectoral
    body -large spots
    tail slightly < 1/2 TL, tip blunt, no C
    jaw teeth pointed, 1 row
    pectoral tiny, base narrow