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  • eyes large, close-set, near front
    D1 VI
    C long, pointed
    bottom jaw: canines near front
    gill rakers short, triangular, 0+4-5
    scales rough, none on head
  • body robust
    head broad, depressed, with pores
    D1 VI
    C rounded
    pectoral: upper 3-5 rays = free filaments
    pelvics in disc
    body & nape; large, rough scales
  • eyes: together, top & front
    D1 VI
    C very long, pointed
    mouth opens at front, oblique
    teeth cónical
    many long gill rakers
    scales rough
    head scaleless
  • nape: low crest
    eyes large, 2 pores between them
    D1 VI
    C elongated
    no gill rakers
    pelvics form disc
    head & nape: no scales
  • eyes large, on top head, close-set
    D1 VII
    C long, pointed
    mouth large, oblique
    front roof mouth - patch teeth
    pelvics - joined, +/- front membrane
    scales behind pectoral only
  • elongate, compressed
    D VI + I, 22-25
    C elongate, oval
    mouth very oblique
    pelvics separate, I, 4
    scales very small, embedded