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  • very elongate, very compressed
    D1 deep notch, XXVI-XXXII, low, long base
    D & A: 5-7 finlets behind
    tail base - no keels
    long mouth
    large, conical teeth
    scales small, skin smooth
    2 LL along back
  • v elongate
    D > 60 spines + rays
    1 LL
    anus midway between snout & C
  • body depth ~1/4 SL
    preopercle: 2 spines
    pelvics > pectorals
    2LL, lower branches off behind pectoral
    D & A no finlets
    D XV-XVI
    skin smooth, scales small, no tubercles, no belly keel
  • elongate, slender, compressed
    long head; large eye; top fangs
    D XX-XXI, deep notch, long base
    D & A: 2 finlets behind
    pelvic = 1 tiny spine
    A: II free spines, 1st large
    1 straight LL
  • body depth ~1/4 SL
    pelvics < pectorals
    D & A no finlets
    2LL, originate together
    skin smooth, small scales, no tubercles
    preopercle no spines
    D XVI
    tail base no keels
  • body depth ~10% SL
    tip both jaws: conical skin knob
    D XIX-XXI + II
    1 LL
    pelvics I, 5, < pectorals
    D & A: 2 rear finlets
    skin smooth
  • elongate, compressed
    long head; large eye; top fangs
    D XVII-XVIII, deep notch, long base
    D & A 2 finlets behind
    no pelvics
    A no free spines
    1 LL, curves down over pectoral
  • ribbon-like, v compressed; long snout; large eye
    D III, 115-135, no notch
    A = tiny, imbedded spines
    tail base slender, tapering, pointed, no C
    large mouth, lower jaw projecting
    large fangs
    no pelvics