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  • D continuous XI-XIV, 6-10
    operculum: < / = 2 flat spines
    pelvic - 1st ray elongate
    LL absent/interrupted
  • elongate , tapering body
    large head, eyes high
    D X-XI, not notched
    D & A: long bases
    large mouth
    pelvic: before pectoral, 1st 2 rays thick, unbranched
    LL: high, front 1/2 body only
    head scaleless
  • D continuous
    closed mouth - rear of top jaw bone usually exposed
    roof of mouth - small teeth
    3 opercular spines
    A III