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  • elongate, tapering to pointed tail
    eyes (v small) left side
    D, A & C fused
    skin covers preoperculum
    eye-side pelvic only, joins A
    no pectorals
    no LL
  • eyes right side
    skin covers preopercle border
    right pelvic fused with A
    +/- pectorals
    LL straight + perpendicular branches
  • eyes left side
    pectoral rays unbranched
    pelvics: eye-side base longer, before blind-side base
    LL eye-side only, arched, no branches
  • eyes left side
    pelvic bases short, ~ symmetrical
    pectoral rays branched
    LL both sides, arched + branch under lower eye or straight & without branch
  • eyes left side
    body deep
    mouth large, lower jaw prominent
    both pelvic bases long, eye side base on midline, origin under eye
    pectoral rays branched
    LL both sides, arched, branches only over both eyes