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  • snout blunt, + pair ridges
    nasal cirrus: absent/ < nasal tube
    D I-II short (< XII, not past VI), I - 3-4 black & white
    center snout long dark line
    pelvics reaches anus
    A 21-22
    male unknown
  • head blunt; snout depressed, + ridges
    no eye cirrus
    D spines: I-III close, I slightly < II-III, V-X longer; shorter than rays
    male: front 1/2 black + white dots
    female: translucent; cheek - white dots
    PC 13
  • snout not depressed, no ridges
    no eye cirrus
    D spines: I-III close, XIV longest; shorter than rays
  • snout blunt, + 2 ridges
    center snout - short dark line
    female D spines; I-III close; I-II long; IV short, notch behind IV
    male D: spine I reaches XI, top edge concave, red & white
    nasal cirrus > nasal tube
    D spine 1: 4-6 black & white stripes
    pelvics not to anus
    A 19-20
  • snout blunt, 2 ridges
    short eye cirrus
    D spines: I > II-III, I-III -> lowpeak
    male: front black; outer 1/3 front D peak - orange
    lower edge of opercle with spots
    PC 13
    female unknown
  • snout blunt, 2 ridges
    no eye cirrus
    D spines: I > III, central spines longest, all < rays
    female: front pale brown + lines white dots, D front white & brown, spinal column orange & white
    male: like female + black head
  • snout blunt, 2 ridges
    short eye cirrus
    D front: dark; spines I-5 = length, no peak or notc
    other fins dark
    edge opercle: 3-4 dark dots
    PC 13
  • snout blunt, 2 ridges
    short eye cirrus
    front D spines: 1st 2 elongate, I not much > III, rear edge oblique
    male: head orange, D front: black, edge red + white inside
    female: head brown; front D white + brown mottling
  • head small, pointed; nape no ridges
    no eye cirrus
    D front low, front spines shorter than others; spines shorter than rays
    male: front 1/2 black, D front black, 2 bars down from eye, cheek - blue-white spots
  • snout pointed, 2 crests
    cirri: nasal long & slender, eye forked
    D spines:1st 3-5 elevated -> peak with convex edge
    male front black, D black, front 1/3: red edge, bordered with white
    cheek & opercle: oblique orange bars
    female: dark spots on body profiles, lower head dark bars, front D dark
    pectoral 13
  • snout pointed, 2 crests
    cirri: nasal short flap, eye none
    D front not v elevated, lower 1/2 black, outer edge red + white stripe
    eye pale + oblique dark cross bar
    anus in large black patch
    pectoral 14
  • head: small, low; snout: blunt, no crests
    eye cirrus low, unbranched
    D spines 1-2 >> 3-4, spines slightly elongate in female
    male: front 1/2 black, D front white + black reticulations & spots
    female: front D white; belly white + dark bar
    PC 14
  • head blunt; snout 2 ridges
    cirri: nasal & ocular short, simple
    D spines I-II elongate, 1.5X III, IV < III, I - basal flag; longer ray < longer spine
    cheek & edge opercle: 4-6 narrow, oblique dark bars
    male: dark, D front dark, spines I-V - outer orange stripe bordered inside by white