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  • snout blunt, not yellow
    bases D2 & A: wide, strong dark stripe
    bar (front irregular) across entire tail base
    Phaeoptyx conklini, Freckled Cardinalfish
    15 lower gill rakers
    each scale: multiple dots, evenly spaced
  • snout round, yellowish
    bases D2 & A: no dark stripe
    bar (front straight) across entire tail base
    Phaeoptyx pigmentaria, Dusky Cardinalfish
    enlarged teeth
    lower gill rakers 11-12
    body dots evenly spaced, 1 per scale
  • snout round, yellowish
    bases D2 & A: thin, faint stripe
    tail base: short dark oval
    Phaeoptyx xenus, Sponge Cardinalfish
    lower gill rakers 14
    body: multiple dots per scale