Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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  • D height >10% SL, with black spot
    pectorals blue-black, outer edge & lower rays clea
    C: both lobes same color
    Cheilopogon cyanopterus, Marginated flyingfish
    jaw teeth noticeable to touch
    sides roof mouth with teeth
    juvenile: barbels >59% SL, with fleshy axis
    nape scales before D 33-41
  • D height >10% SL, with black spot
    pectorals black + pale cross-bar
    C: lower lobe obviously darker
    Cheilopogon exsiliens, Bandwing flyingfish
    jaw teeth noticeable to touch
    sides roof mouth with teeth
    juvenile: barbels flat, <40% SL
    nape scales before D 24-29
  • D height<10% SL, no black
    pectoral black + pale crossbar & broad pale margin
    Cheilopogon furcatus, Spotfin flyingfish
    jaw teeth not noticeable
    sides roof mouth: no teeth
    juvenile: barbels >37% SL
  • head < 22%
    D height < 10% SL, no black
    pectoral grey + pale triangular cross-bar & narrow clear edge
    Cheilopogon heterurus, Blotchwing flyingfish, Mediterranean flyingfish
    jaw teeth not noticeable
    sides roof mouth: no teeth
    scales along center nape 30-35
  • head > 23% SL
    D height < 10% SL, no black
    pectoral grey + indistinct pale triangular cross-bar & narrow clear edge
    Cheilopogon melanurus, Atlantic flyingfish
    jaw teeth not noticeable
    sides roof mouth: no teeth
    scales along center nape 27-30
  • pectoral reaches past D, 1st ray not branched
    A origin under/behind 3rd D ray
    Cypselurus comatus, Clearwing flyingfish
    lower jaw shorter than & enclosed by top jaw
    roof mouth with teeth
    pelvics: long, origin midway head & C base
    juvenile: 1 chin barbel
  • pectoral grey + broad pale margin
    Exocoetus obtusirostris, Oceanic two-wing flyingfish
    gill rakers 22-29
    juvenile: hump-backed, no barbels
    7.5 (7-8) scale rows LL to D origin
  • fins uniform pale to dusky
    Exocoetus volitans, Tropical two-wing flyingfish
    gill rakers 29-37
    juvenile - nape not humped, no barbel
    D to LL: 6.5 (6-7) scale rows
  • head 22.7-25.6% SL
    pectoral 63-74% SL, 1st ray unbranched
    pectoral dark grey + pale triangular cross-bar & narrow white outer margin
    Hirundichthys affinis, Fourwing flyingfish
    side roof mouth: no teeth
  • head 20-22% SL
    pectoral 74-80-% SL, 1st 2 rays unbranched
    pectoral black + narrow clear outer margin
    Hirundichthys rondeletii, Blackwing flyingfish
    side roof mouth: teeth
  • head 22.7-25.6% SL
    pectoral 63-74% SL, 1st ray unbranched
    pectoral dark + broad clear cross-bar base to mid-fin, broad clear outer margin
    Hirundichthys speculiger, Mirrorwing flyingfish
    side roof mouth: teeth
    pelvic light
  • top jaw protractile
    pectoral not reaching past A base
    Parexocoetus hillianus, Sailfin flyingfish
    pelvic reaches A origin
    branch of LL to pectoral base
    juvenile: 2 chin barbels
  • eye 67-83% head behind eye
    pectoral pale , center greyish (2 large black blot
    Prognichthys glaphyrae, Oceanic bluntnose flyingfish
    A 10 (9-11)
  • eye 56-71% head behind eye
    pectoral brown, pale outer tip & lower part (light
    Prognichthys occidentalis, Western bluntnose flyingfish
    A 9 (8-10)