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  • Anchoa cayorum, Key anchovy
    gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
    anus nearer to A than to pelvic tips
    A 21-26, origin under ~center D
  • Anchoa choerostoma, Bermuda anchovy
    gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
    gill rakers 24-27
    scale at pectoral base reaches only center fin
    A 19-22, origin under center D
    anus nearer pelvic tips than to A
  • silver stripe narrow (~pupil)
    Anchoa colonensis, Narrowstriped anchovy
    top jaw reaches to edge preoperculum
    gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
    A 17-21, origin under ~center D
    anus nearer to A than to pelvic tips
  • snout 3/4 eye
    Anchoa cubana, Cuban anchovy
    gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
    top jaw reaches beyond preoperculum
    scale at pectoral base reaches past center fin
    gill rakers 24-30
    A 16-21, origin under center D base
    anus nearer pelvics than to A
  • Anchoa filifera, Longfinger anchovy
    gill branch under gill cover long, extends onto gill cover
    pectoral - 1st ray filamentous
    A 17-21, origin under/behind end D base
  • silver stripe wide (~3/4 eye)
    Anchoa hepsetus, Broad-striped anchovy, Striped anchovy
    top jaw reaches past preoperculum
    gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
    A 16-23, origin under D base
    anus nearer to A than to pelvic
  • Anchoa januaria, Rio anchovy
    top jaw not reaching past preoperculum
    gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
    scale at pectoral base reaches past center fin
    gill rakers 24-29
    A 19-25, origin under mid D base
    anus nearer pelvic than to A
  • Anchoa lamprotaenia, Bigeye anchovy, Silverstripe anchovy, Regan's anchovy
    top jaw reaches edge preoperculum
    gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
    scale at pectoral base reaches past center fin
    gill rakers 17-21
    A 18-23, origin under mid D base
    anus nearer pelvic than to A
  • Anchoa lyolepis, Short-finger anchovy, Dusky anchovy
    gill branch under gill cover long, extends onto gill cover
    pectoral - 1st ray not filamentous
    A 19-24, origin under/past end D base
  • Anchoa mitchilli, Bay anchovy
    gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
    A 23-30, origin under D origin
    anus nearer pelvic than to A
  • snout 1/2 eye
    Anchoa parva, Little anchovy
    gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
    top jaw passes edge preoperculum
    scale at pectoral base reaches past center fin
    gill rakers 24-29
    A 21-25, origin under center D base
    anus nearer pelvics than to A
  • Anchoa spinifer, Spicule anchovy
    gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
    top jaw reaches edge gill cover
    lower rear edge operculum - triangular projection
    A 34-40, origin under center D
  • Anchoa trinitatis, Trinidad anchovy
    gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
    A 26-30, origin under center D
    anus nearer pelvic than to A
  • Anchovia clupeoides, Zabaleta anchova
    top jaw reaches onto preoperculum
    A 28-35, origin under D origin
  • Anchovia surinamensis, Suriname anchova
    top jaw not reaching angle of mouth
    A 20-25, origin under mid D
  • Anchoviella blackburni, Blackburn's anchovy
    top jaw well short of preoperculum
    A 22-24, origin before body center
  • snout v snort, lower jaw tip almost under snout tip
    Anchoviella brevirostris, Snubnose anchovy
    top jaw not quite reaching preoperculum
    A 15-17, origin behind body center, under end D
  • snout projects past lower jaw tip
    silver stripe narrow ( < eye)
    Anchoviella elongata, Elongate anchovy
    top jaw reaches preoperculum
    scale at pectoral base ~1/2 fin
    A 18-22, origin behind body center, under center D base
  • snout projects past lower jaw
    Anchoviella guianensis, Guiana anchova
    top jaw not reaching preoperculum
    large scale at pectoral base reaches mid-fin
    A 14-18, origin behind body center, under end D
  • snout projects past lower jaw tip
    silver stripe > eye (under center D)
    Anchoviella lepidentostole, Broadband anchovy
    top jaw reaches preoperculum
    scale at pectoral base > 1/2 fin
    A 15-17, origin behind body center, under end D
  • snout 3/4 eye, projects past lower jaw
    Anchoviella perfasciata, Poey's anchova, Flat anchovy
    top jaw not reaching preoperculum
    gill rakers 24-30
    large scale at pectoral base reaches past mid-fin
    A 10-15, origin slightly behind D base
  • top jaw short, not to edge preoperculum
    Cetengraulis edentulus, Atlantic anchoveta
    gill rakers > 45
    wide, long membrane under operculum
    A long base, origin under rear 1/3 D
  • top jaw to front edge preoperculum
    body elongate, oval
    Engraulis eurystole, Silver anchovy
    gill rakers 27-43
    long gill branch under operculum
    A 13-15, origin behind D base
  • lower jaw: large canines
    Lycengraulis batesii, Bate's sabretooth-anchovy
    top jaw reaches/just short of edge operculum
    gill rakers 12-15 lower
    pelvic inserts nearer pectoral base than A
  • lower jaw: large canines
    Lycengraulis grossidens, Atlantic sabretooth-anchovy
    top jaw reaches edge operculum
    gill rakers 16-26 lower, 30-36 total
    pelvic inserts nearer A than to pectoral base
  • lower jaw: large canines
    Lycengraulis limnichthys, Schultz's sabretooth-anchovy
    top jaw not reaching edge operculum
    gill rakers 20-23 inferior, 37-42 total
    pelvic inserts nearer pectoral base than to A
  • top jaw, just reaches lower jaw articulation
    pectorals long, reach past pelvic base
    base of gill arches with teeth
    12-14 gill rakers
    A long base, origin before D origin