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  • brown, 7-9 bars, operculum spot
    lower head & body, A & lower C red
    C pearl spots
    Coptodon rendalli, Redbreast Tilapia
    D pearl spots, dark spot front base 1st rays
    juv: 5-7 dark bars, dark spot front base soft D
    lower gill rakers 7-10
  • body: 2 stripes + 8-9 bars
    black spot on operculum
    body & fins- pearl spots
    Coptodon zillii, Redbelly Tilapia
    D dark blotch front rays
    male: dark bars, chin & belly reddish
    lower gill rakers 8-10
  • elongate
    head, body, fins: blue spots
    black blotches: opercle, mid-body, tail base
    LL 17+10
    Hemichromis letourneuxi, African Jewelfish, African Jewelfish Cichlid
    lower body red
  • oval
    head bluntly pointed
    black blotch : center flank, tail base
    dense small blue spots: head, body & fins
    Herichthys cyanoguttatus, Rio Grande Cichlid, Texas Cichlid
    mouth short
  • red-grey; 7 blackish bars
    head bluntly pointed
    D XV-XVII; A V-VI
    upper C base: large ocellus
    Mayaheros urophthalmus, Mayan Cichlid
    mouth short, opens at front, lower jaw projecting
    teeth conical
  • plain blackish/ grey + black spots
    juv: dark bars, flank -3 spots connected by stripe
    Haiti
    Nandopsis haitiensis, Haiti Cichlid, Haitian Cichlid
    lateral scales 30-33
  • operculum & back: dense black spots coalescing
    Cuba
    Nandopsis tetracanthus, Cuban Cichlid
    lateral scales 28-31
  • grey-green + 8-10 bars
    dark blotch - rear opercle
    C clear + dark reticulum, edge red
    Oreochromis aureus, Blue Tilapia
    D & A pale basal spots
    juv: dark spot at base front soft D
    male: dark grey, head blue, iris red, D & C edges red
    lower gill rakers 20-26
  • grey-green/blue-grey, flank 2-5 dark blotches
    edges D & C red, C no bars
    juv: 6-7 bars, 3 spots on flank, spot front base soft D
    Oreochromis mossambicus, Mozambique Tilapia
    male black, lower head white, edges D & C pink
    lower gill rakers 17-18
  • grey, dark blotch operculum corner
    C: 7-12 long narrow bars
    male: grey, head & front D reddish
    Oreochromis niloticus, Nile Tilapia
    juv: ~9 bars, ocelus base front soft D, operculum corner spot
    lower gill rakers 20-21
  • flank: 2-4 dark blotches
    operculum corner dark blotch
    C narrow bars at base & top 1/2
    Oreochromis urolepis, Wami Tilapia
    juv: dark, ocelus base front soft D
    male: v dark, edge D & top 1/2 & border C orange
    lower gill rakers 22
  • iris red; dark blotch opercle corner
    grey, flank 6 black blotches, central largest
    fins bluey spots, edges bluey
    Pelmatolapia mariae, Spotted Tilapia
    juve: 8 bars, basal spot front soft D
    male: dark, reddish front flank, soft D & C
    lower gill rakers 12-15
  • chin black, head irregular black blotches
    corner operculum dark blotch
    male: operculum gold blotch
    Sarotherodon melanotheron, Blackchin Tilapia
  • grey; cheek & throat red
    belly: black bar/blotch
    tail base: large black blotch
    Vieja maculicauda, Spotted Cichlid
  • purplish pink
    cheek orange
    lower body and fins orange
    rear body - row black blotches
    Vieja melanurus, Redhead Cichlid