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  • head large, deep
    eyes not stalked
    D continuous, origin over A origin
    Dactylagnus peratikos, Simple Sand-stargazer, Simple Stargazer
    lower jaw rounded
    both lips: skin flaps
  • expanded eyestalk not v long & slender
    rear nostril a pore next to front nostril tube
    D continuous, X, 30
    uniform pale
    Dactyloscopus boehlkei, Boehlke's Sand-stargazer, Boehlke's Stargazer
    A 32-33 segmented rays
  • eye: black, ring of bumps/flaps, stalk short
    D usually 2 free spines, XI-XIII
    uniform pale
    Dactyloscopus comptus, Ornamented Stargazer
    upper lip: 11-12 flaps
    rear nostril = hole near front tubular nostril
    A segmented rays 28-30
  • eye: no distinct stalk
    D XII, 1st 2-5 spines separate, free
    tan + darker mottling
    Dactyloscopus crossotus, Bigeye Stargazer
    rear nostril: patch of 1-8 pores before tubular front nostril
  • eyestalk short
    D X, 31, continuous/ 1-3 free spines at front
    back blotched & barred
    upper side: 10+ bars
    Dactyloscopus foraminosus, Reticulate Stargazer
    rear nostril a pore next to tubular front nostril
    A 33-34 rays
  • eyestalk short
    eye without spots/flaps
    D continuous XI-XII, usually notch after spine III
    top blotched & barred, side - faint stripes
    Dactyloscopus moorei, Speckled Stargazer
    top lip flaps 13-17
    rear nostril a hole near front tubular nostril
    A segmented rays 30-35
    2-4 rows scales side of nape, centerline naked
  • eyestalk short
    eye without spots/flaps
    D XII-XIII, usually 2-3 free spines at front
    upper body: 10-13 brown bars, often stripe on flank, inside mouth pigmented
    Dactyloscopus poeyi, Shortchin Stargazer
    top lip flaps 13-17
    rear nostril a hole near front tubular nostril
    A 32-35
    no scales on nape
  • eyestalk long & slender
    D XI-XIII, first 3-4 spines free
    mottled with tan, red on head, side 11-14 brown bars, pectoral white, C bars
    rear nostril a pore next to tubular front nostril
  • 6 narrow bars, 1st through D finlet
    D XVII-XX, 20-24
    Gillellus greyae, Arrow Stargazer
    lower lip flaps 5-11 (4-16)
    A 31-35
    straight LL 22-25
  • 7 bars, often pale-centered
    D XI-XV, 27-29
    Gillellus healae, Masked Stargazer
    lower lip flaps 4
    A 31-33
    straight LL 23-25
  • D XIV, 26, 1st spine v long, tip with flap
    body: 8 bars
    Gillellus inescatus, Flagfin Stargazer
    lower lip 4 flaps
    A 30
    straight LL 20
  • 6-7 narrow bars behind nape
    D XVII-XX, 18-20
    Gillellus jacksoni, Jackson's Stargazer
    lower lip flaps 2-4
    A 28-30
    straight LL 18-19
  • 4-5 wide V bars
    D XI-XV, 14-17
    Gillellus uranidea, Warteye Stargazer
    A 21-24
    straight LL 11-15
  • head cónical
    eyes not stalked
    D in 3 parts
    Leurochilus acon, Smoothlip Stargazer
    both lips - no skin flaps
    head, throat, under-belly: no scales
    LL arch ends under middle of D spines
  • head cónical
    eyes not stalked
    D continuous, origin over A origin
    Myxodagnus belone, Dartfish, Dartfish Stargazer
    lower jaw long, cónical, protruding
    both lips - skin flaps
    LL bends down under middle D spines
  • 4 long bars
    D1 finlet III, low
    Platygillellus rubrocinctus, Saddle Stargazer
    A 23-27
  • bars: head & body 3, C base 1
    3 bars radiate from eye
    D1 finlet IV, high
    Platygillellus smithi, Sailfinned Stargazer
    A 22