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Colletotrichum gloeosporioidesPenz & Sacc., 1884

Natural History Notes
Previous observations suggested that the different endophyte fungi associated with T. cacao reduce the damages associated with pathogens.
In a study conducted by Mejia et al. (2008), Colletotrichum gloeosporioides was used against T. cacao pathogens to see its potential as a biological control agent. The results showed that in vitro, this fungus could restrict the growth of some of the most important pathogens of T. cacao: M. roreri, M. perniciosa and P. palmivora. Field tests were also conducted and in all different farms, the results showed that C. gloeosporioides significantly reduced pods with symptoms of the black pod disease. Further studies in the field should be conducted with this species in order to test its efficacy under conditions of higher pressure of the black pod disease.

Being part of the endophytic fungi, this species is an internal colonizer of plant tissues but does not harm the host plant. The fungus is acquired from the environment.
In Bocas Del Toro
CommentsThis species of fungal endophyte was isolated from Theobroma cacao pod tissues
Compiled by
Zoe Joly-Lopez
Mejía et al. 2008. Endophytic fungi as biocontrol agents of Theobroma cacao pathogens. Biological Control 46: 4-14.
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