|Antithamnion butleriae |
|Subtidal in turf assemblages or epiphytic on macroalgae. |
|Jamaica (type locality), Bahamas, Barbados, Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands, Cuba, Colombia, Sierra Leone, Maldives, India, southern Japan, Hawaiian Islands. Probably pantropical. In the region of Bocas del Toro, Panama, it was found in Wild Cane Key. |
|Natural History Notes|
|Currently with 2 species in the genus: A. preissii (Sonder) E.M. Wollaston and|
A. butlerae (F.S. Collins) Kylin. Some key features of this genus are the presence of indeterminate erect axes with 2-4 opposite branches (pinnae) per axial cell. A terminal refractive gland cell is present at the tip of the pinnule, which bear opposite branchlets. (Note: A. butlerae can easily be confused with Perikladosporon percurrens; the latter can be differentiated by the unilateral branching pattern of the pinnules and the lack of terminal gland cells).
|Tropical Field Phycology Field book, STRI, Bocas del Toro, 2008.|
Kylin, H. (1956). Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen. pp. xv, 673, 458 figs. Lund: C.W.K. Gleerups.
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