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Chordeiles minor(Forster, J.R., 1771)
Common Name: Common nighthawk, Aapero common, Chotacabras zumbn

Can be observed in open areas in lowlands.
This species breeds from North America to Panama and migrate to South America during winter.
Natural History Notes
This species is very similar to Chordeiles acutipennis. They tend to fly at high altitudes but can also forage at lower altitudes.

Conservation status according to IUCN 2008 Red list: Least Concern (LC).

The total length of this species varies between 22.86 cm and 25.40 cm (measured from tip of bill to end of tail). The part above is dark grayish brown with an interesting pattern of beige, white and black spots. The throat is white and the underparts are beige and gray. A white band crossing the primaries (line of wing feathers furthest to the body) can be distinguished. The tail is stripped gray and whitish with white band near the tip. Besides the color pattern, the wings have are long, slim and pointed.
The female has the throat and the wing band beige colored.
Compiled by
Zoe Joly-Lopez
IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Ridgely, Robert. S. and John. A. Gwynne. Jr. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama. Second Edition. Princeton University Press. Princeton, New Jersey. 534 p.

Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The birds of the Republic of Panamá. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
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