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Briareum asbestinumPallas, 1766Briareum asbestinum
Common Name: Corky Sea Finger, Deadman's Fingers

PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
CnidariaAnthozoaAlcyonaceaBriareidaeBriareumasbestinum
Habitat
Inhabit most reef environments, especially shallow fringing, patch and back reef areas.
Distribution
Florida, Caribbean
Depth
3 - 100 ft.
Characteristics
Colonies arise as single, round rods from one encrusting base. Polyps are large, and give a hair-like appearance when extended.
Color ranges from purple to violet to gray, with shades of brown, polyps often greenish to brown and gray.
May also encrust branches of other gorgonians.
Colony height varies from 0.5 - 24 in.
Other Literature
O'Neal, W., Pawlik, J. R. 2002. A reappraisal of the chemical and physical defenses of Caribbean gorgonian corals against predatory fishes. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 2002; 240: 117-126

West, J. M. 1998. The dual role of sclerites in a gorgonian coral: Conflicting functions of support and defence. Evolutionary Ecology. 12(7): 803-821

West, J. M. 1997. Plasticity in the sclerites of a gorgonian coral: Tests of water motion, light level, and damage cues. Biological Bulletin (Woods Hole). 192(2): 279-289

Brazeau, D. A. and Harvell, C. D. 1994. Genetic structure of local populations and divergence between growth forms in a clonal invertebrate, the Caribbean octocoral Briareum asbestinum. Marine Biology (Berlin). 119(1): 53-60.

Nowlis, J. P. 1993. Mate- and oviposition-influenced host preferences in coral-feeding snail Cyphoma gibbosum. Ecology(Washington DC). 74(7): 1959-1969

West, J. M., Harvell, C. D., et al. 1993. Morphological plasticity in a gorgonian coral (Briareum asbestinum) over a depth cline. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 94(1): 61-69.

Brazeau, D. A. and Lasker, H. R. 1990. Sexual Reproduction and External Brooding by the Caribean Gorgonian Briareum Abestinum. Marine Biology (Berlin). 104(3): 465-474.

In Bocas Del Toro
Reported ByGuzman and Guevera (1998, 1999, 2001)
Sampling methodsDive Coral Transect
LocalityIslas Pastores, Cristobal, Popa, Cayo Agua, Bastimentos, Solarte, Carenero, Colon, Bahía de Almirante, Laguna de Chiriquí, Península de Valiente y Río Calovébora
Images
Briareum asbestinum
Briareum asbestinum
Briareum asbestinum
Briareum asbestinum
Briareum asbestinum
Briareum asbestinum
Map
coordinates
Links
Reference
Collin, R. et al. 2005. Photographic Identification Guide to some Common Marine Invertebrates of Bocas Del Toro, Panama. Caribbean Journal of Science. 41(3): 638-707.

Guzmán, H. M. & C. A. Guevara. 1998. Arrecifes coralinos de Bocas del Toro, Panamá: I. Distribución, estructura y estado de conservación de los arrecifes continentales de la Laguna de Chiriquí y la Bahía Almirante. Rev. Biol. Trop., 46(3):601-623.

Guzmán, H. M. & C. A. Guevara. 1998. Arrecifes coralinos de Bocas del Toro, Panamá: II. Distribución, estructura y estado de conservación de los arrecifes de las Islas Bastimentos, Solarte, Carenero y Colón. Rev. Biol. Trop. 46(4): 889-912.

Guzman, H.M. & C. Guevara. 1999. Arrecifes coralinos de Bocas del Toro, Panamá: III. Distribución, estructura, diversidad y estado de conservación de los arrecifes de las islas Pastores, Cristóbal, Popa y Cayo Agua. Rev. Biol. Trop., 47(4): 659-676.

Guzman, H.M. & C. Guevara. 2001. Arrecifes coralinos de Bocas del Toro, Panamá: IV. Distribución, estructura y estado de conservación de los arrecifes continentales de Península Valiente. Rev. Biol. Trop. 49(1): 53-66.

Humann, Paul. 1993. Reef Coral Identification. New World Publications, Inc. Jacksonville, FL. p.26.

STRI Taxonomy and Ecology of Caribbean Gorgonians and Black Corals Course 2007
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