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Lurocalis semitorquatus(Gmelin 1789)
Common Name: Short-tailed nighthawk, Aapero colicorto, Chotacabras cola corta

PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenusSpeciesSubspecies
ChordataAvesCaprimulgiformesCaprimulgidaeLurocalissemitorquatussemitorquatus
Habitat
This species can be found in humid forest borders in lowland habitats.
Distribution
This species has been reported from Honduras to northern Argentina and southern Brazil.
Natural History Notes
We can observe this species almost only at dawn, when it comes out to feed in the canopy. Sometimes, we can encounter it in lower parts of the forests such as clearings, roads and rivers. During daytime, you will rarely see them since they mostly rest, well hidden in the higher branches of trees.
Characteristics
The total length of this species varies between 22.86 cm and 24.13 cm (measured from tip of bill to end of tail). The tail is very short and has a square shape. The wings are fairly long and pointed. The coloration pattern starts first with a blackish above, a white throat and the above parts dark brown with black stripes and a dark brown tail. The wings are dark but do not show a white band as it is seen in other species of nightjars. The wings are longer than the tail and this can be notes when the bird is resting.
Other Literature
Seutin, G. and Letzer, M. 1995. The short-tailed nighthawk is a tree nester. Journal of Field Ornithology. 66(1): 30-36.
In Bocas Del Toro
Museum ReferencesThe Field Museum
LocalityCricamola, 17 mi inland
Rio Teribe
Isla Bastimentos
Tranquilo Bay
Loma Partida
CommentsConservation status according to IUCN 2008 Red list: Least Concern (LC).
Compiled by
Lexi Weintraub; Zoe Joly-lopez
Map
coordinates
Links
Reference
IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org.

Ridgely, Robert. S. and John. A. Gwynne. Jr. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama. Second Edition. Princeton University Press. Princeton, New Jersey. 534 p.

Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The birds of the Republic of Panamá. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
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