|Crevices in coral reefs and rocky areas, or on exposed surfaces of corals such as Mellipora or Agaricia spp., depending on locality. |
|Caribbean, Florida Keys, Panama, Belize.|
|Natural History Notes|
|In Panama, the species has an annual reproductive cycle with an extended spawning period during the rainy season; spawning behavior is not related to lunar phases.|
|The species is small, with the brown test rarely exceeding 30 mm in diameter. Spines are usually deep green, sometimes white, and the large, conspicuos, globiferous pedicellariae are purple.|
|Lessios, H. A. 1991. Presence and Absence of Monthlu Reproductive Rhythms Among Eight Caribbean Echinoids off the Coast of Panama. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 153(1): 27-48.
|In Bocas Del Toro|
|Reported By||Hendler, G.; Marine Invertebrate Taxonomy Workshop, Bocas del Toro, August 2003|
|Observations||Common in Bocas del Toro.|
|Collin, R., M.C. Diaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sanchez, A. Schulz, M.L. Schwartz and A. Valdes. 2005. Photographic identification guide to some common marine invertebrates of Bocas Del Toro, Panama. Caribbean Journal of Science 41: 638-707. |
Hendler, Gordon, John E. Miller, David L. Pawson, and Porter M. Kier. 1995. Sea Stars, Sea Urchins, and Allies - Echinoderms of Florida and the Caribbean. Washington D. C. 390pp.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
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