Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Xylopia macrantha

Tr. & Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., sér. 4, 17:38. 1862

Corobá, Rayado

Small tree, to 10 m tall and 10 cm dbh; stems sericeous-­villous when young, glabrous and lenticellate in age. Pet­ioles ca 5 mm long, sericeous to glabrate; blades oblong-­elliptic, acuminate, rounded at base,   6-14 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, glabrous above, sericeous below when young, becoming glabrate in age. Flowers solitary at sometimes defoliated leaf axils; pedicels stout, sericeous, to 9 mm long, bracteate; sepals 3, connate to above middle, 1-1.5 cm long, sericeous; petals 6, valvate, thick, the outer 3 oblong, 2-2.5 cm long, ± tomentose, the inner 3 qua­drangular-prismatic, 1-1.5 cm long, ca 3 mm thick. Monocarps 10-27, reniform to oblong, 3-4.5 cm long, puberulent, dehiscing along one side and opening out flat to expose seeds, the valves thick and fleshy, red-orange within; seeds several. Croat 6236.

Occasional, in the old forest and along the shore on Burrunga Point. Flowers from May to October. The fruits probably mature from February through May.

Panama, Colombia, and Venezuela. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone and from tropical wet forest in Colón and Panama.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Xylopia macrantha immature-fruit
  • Xylopia macrantha leaf
  • Xylopia macrantha seed-dry
  • Xylopia macrantha seed-wet
  • Xylopia macrantha fruit
  • Xylopia macrantha seed-wet cluster
  • Xylopia macrantha buds
  • Xylopia macrantha Flower plant
  • Xylopia macrantha flower
  • Xylopia macrantha leaf base