Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Ternstroemia tepezapote

Schlechter & Cham., Lin­naea 6:420.1831

T. seemannii Tr. & Planch.

Manglillo, Manzanilla de sabana

Glabrous shrub or tree, 2-15 (20) m tall, to 30 cm dbh; bark reddish-brown, thin. Leaves alternate, clustered at apex of branches, thick; petioles less than 1 cm long; blades oblong-elliptic to oblanceolate, bluntly acuminate, obtuse to rounded at base, 5-12 cm long, 2.5-5 cm wide; veins except midrib indistinct. Flowers 5-parted, solitary in axils, pleasantly aromatic (anise-like), on pedicels 2-5 cm long; calyx subtended by 2 sepaloid bracteoles to 4 mm long; sepals unequal, ± broadly ovate, ca 1 cm long, white to greenish-white; petals white, yellow at apex, ± equaling length of sepals, connate at base; stamens many, included; filaments united and adnate to corolla at base; anthers with a prolonged connective at apex; ovary conical, 2-celled; ovules 4 or 5 per cell; style slen­der, pointed. Fruits broadly ovoid, l-2 cm wide, cream-­colored at maturity, often with tinges of red, the outer wall thick, bursting irregularly at maturity; seeds few, ± ovoid-cylindrical, to ca 10 mm long and 5 mm wide at base, with a thin, bright-red, pulpy covering. Croat 14963.

Rare; collected along the shore of Orchid Island, along the northern shore of BCI, and in the forest on Zetek Trail. Flowers in the late dry season, in March and April; sometimes flowering a second time from late September to November. The fruits mature from July to September.

Mexico to Panama. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Bocas del Toro, Veraguas, Herrera, Panama, and Darien, from tropical dry forest in Coclé, from premontane wet forest in Colón, Chiriqui, Coclé, and Panama, and from tropical wet forest in Pa­nama and Darien. See Fig. 386.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Ternstroemia tepezapote Immature Fruit
  • Ternstroemia tepezapote leaf base
  • Ternstroemia tepezapote leaf
  • Ternstroemia tepezapote
  • Ternstroemia tepezapote
  • Ternstroemia tepezapote Fruit
  • Ternstroemia tepezapote Fruit
  • Ternstroemia tepezapote Flower Leaf
  • Ternstroemia tepezapote Flower Leaf
  • Ternstroemia tepezapote Fruit Leaf