Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Spondias radlkoferi

Donn. Sm., Bot. Gaz. (Crawford­sville) 16: 194. 1891

Tree., to 30 m tall and to 75 cm dbh; outer bark not deeply fissured, the surface with thin, narrow strips of periderm; inner bark similar to S. mombin except pro­ducing whitish, viscid droplets within a short time after being cut; younger branches glabrate to sparsely crisp-­villous to densely villous becoming glabrate. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, to 54 cm long, usually sparsely crisp-villous on petiole, rachis, upper midrib, and under­side of leaflets, especially on younger leaves; leaflets mostly 7-19; blades ovate to oblong-elliptic or oblong, abruptly long-acuminate, acute to subcordate and mark­edly inequilateral at base, 2.5-16 cm long and 1.8-6 cm wide, ± revolute, usually ciliate, submarginal vein usu­ally lacking. Panicles terminal and upper-axillary, to 55 cm long; axes and rarely pedicels sparsely to densely       crisp-villous; pedicels glabrous or less often pubescent, articulate usually 0.5-2.5 mm below calyx (the articula­tion sometimes obscured by bracteoles); flowers 5-parted, usually bisexual, rarely pistillate, the first open ones usually appearing with new leaves, the buds usually ± pyriform; calyx cupulate, the lobes thick, prominent, rounded to blunt-triangular, ca 1 mm long, usually glabrous all over; petals ± oblong-elliptic, acute and inflexed-apiculate at apex, 2.3-4.3 mm long, white or greenish-white, recurved at anthesis, the veins 3 (in­cluding marginal vein); stamens 10, 1.7-2 mm long, in 2 series, exserted at anthesis; disk to 2.3 mm wide, fleshy, undulate-lobed, the width of one side more than width of clump of styles; ovary subglobose, pubescent; styles usually 3 or 4 (rarely 5), usually free and shorter than stamens at anthesis in bisexual flowers; stigmatic surfaces linear, on dorsal surface near apex; pistillate flowers rare; styles to ca 2 mm long, ca twice as long as stamens, united below middle; stigmatic surface ovate, turned inward. Fruits 3-3.5 cm long, minutely pubescent when immature, oblong to obovate and green at maturity; mesocarp thin, green, with a ± unripened flavor, faintly sweet to acidic; endocarp oblong, nearly as long as fruit, hard, covered by a tough, coarse, fibrous matrix. Croat 11682.

Frequent in the forest. Flowers 4-6 weeks later than S. mombin on the island, but since the flowering periods overlap, both species may be seen flowering at the same time. Flowers mostly from April to June, especially in May and June. The fruits mature from September to December, especially in October and November. Leaves fall shortly before flowering, growing in again at the time of flowering.

The species has long been confused with S. mombin (Croat, 1974c).

Southern Mexico (Veracruz, Chiapas, Campeche) through Central America into Colombia and Venezuela. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Bocas del Toro, and Panama (El Llano), and from premontane wet forest in Chiriqui.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Spondias radlkoferi flower
  • Spondias radlkoferi Inflorescence
  • Spondias radlkoferi flower plant
  • Spondias radlkoferi seed-dry
  • Spondias radlkoferi
  • Spondias radlkoferi
  • Spondias radlkoferi Fruit
  • Spondias radlkoferi Fruit
  • Spondias radlkoferi Fruit Leaf
  • Spondias radlkoferi Fruit Leaf