Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Smilax mollis

H. & B. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 4:785.1806

Vine, somewhat woody at base; stems terete, unarmed, persistently short-pilose or subtomentose. Petioles 1-3 cm long, densely pubescent; blades ovate to ovate-oblong, acute or apiculate at apex, cordate at base, 8-18 cm long, 3-9 cm wide, 7-veined at base, densely pubescent when young, persistently pubescent on underside of veins. Flowers greenish-white, in solitary axillary umbels (rarely in a short, branched series of umbels); peduncles, pedi­cels, and receptacles densely pubescent, the tepals gla­brous except for tuft at apex; staminate umbels with peduncles 1-4 cm long; pedicels 3-4 mm long, inserted on a globose receptacle; tepals 6, narrowly oblong, ca 4 mm long, ca 1 mm wide; filaments 6,  2-3.5 mm long; anthers ca 1 mm long. Pistillate umbels with peduncles 1-3 cm long, usually longer than the subtending petiole; pedicels 3-5 mm long; perianth segments 6, lanceolate-­oblong, ca 3 mm long and 1 mm wide; staminodia 3; styles 3. Fruit clusters ca 5 cm diam; berries globose, 5-10 mm diam, green to red and finally purplish-black at maturity; seeds 1-3, embedded in a fleshy matrix. Croat 6462.

Occasional, in the forest. Flowers and fruits throughout the year.

Southern Mexico to Panama. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Colón, San Blas, Panama, and Darien, from premontane wet forest in Chiriqui (Boquete), and from premontane rain forest in Darien (Cerro Pirre).

See Fig. 138.

 

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

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  • Smilax mollis Timeseries
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  • Smilax mollis