Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Ormosia coccinea

(Aubl.) G. Jackson var. subsimplex (Spruce ex Benth.) Rudd, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 32:328-29.1955

Alcornoque, Pernillo de monte

Tree, to at least 25 m; trunk commonly 60 (100) cm dbh; outer bark thin, hard, with a ± reticulate pattern of very shallow fissures, flaking easily; inner bark granular, its outer surface reddish with large whitish spots; stems weakly flexuous, with ribs extending downward below each petiole; stems, petioles, and midribs densely    pubes­cent, the trichomes matted, short, brown. Leaves alter­nate, imparipinnate, 25-40 cm long; petioles 6-10 cm long, the basal pulvinus prominent; petiolules ca 6 mm long; leaflets usually 9, oblong, abruptly acuminate and downturned at apex, obtuse to slightly cordate at base, 7-18 cm long, 4-7.5 cm wide, coriaceous, glabrous above, sparsely appressed-pubescent and somewhat viscid below, more densely so on veins, the margins turned somewhat upward and wavy in age; secondary veins in 10-16 pairs, prominently raised on lower surface. Inflorescences cymose-paniculate, terminal, to 30 cm long; flowers purple; calyx tomentulose, 7-9 mm long,     5-lobed to half its length; corolla 1-1.5 cm long, rose-purple. Legumes flattened, oblong to obovate, 3.5-5 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide, glabrous, abruptly narrowed at apex, the valves reddish-brown at maturity, opening to expose seeds; seed 1 (rarely 2), red and black, somewhat flattened, ca 1 cm long. Croat 5120.

Occasional, in the forest and along the shore. Flowers from June to August. The fruits probably mature in 4-6 weeks, but may persist with the colorful seeds exposed until about flowering time of the next year. Plants are deciduous before flowering.

Panama to Brazil. In Panama, known only from trop­ical moist forest on BCI.

See Fig. 293.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Ormosia coccinea  fruit
  • Ormosia coccinea  fruit
  • Ormosia coccinea Infructescences
  • Ormosia coccinea  leaf
  • Ormosia coccinea  seed-wet
  • Ormosia coccinea  immature-fruit
  • Ormosia coccinea  seed-dry
  • Ormosia coccinea  Mature Fruit
  • Ormosia coccinea subsimplex
  • Ormosia coccinea Fruit