Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Odontadenia macrantha

(R. & S.) Markg., Fl. Surinam 4(l):461. 1937

O. grandiflora Miq.; O. hoffmannseggiana (Stead.) Woods.

Liana, ± glabrous; sap milky, copious in stems; stems hollow, with an interpetiolar ridge. Leaves opposite, sometimes alternate near apex; petioles 1-2 cm long, sometimes purplish; blades ± elliptic, usually acuminate, obtuse to acute at base, 7-23 (36) cm long, 4-10 (17) cm wide, somewhat folded along midrib, the midrib ± arched, impressed above with a distinct central rib in the groove. Thyrses axillary or terminal, irregularly branched, glabrous; peduncle 4-9 cm long; pedicels 1-2 (3) cm long; bracts minute; flowers ca 7 mm long; calyx lobes ovate, to 6 mm long, each with 1 or 2 squa­mellae inside; corolla funnelform, ca 6 cm long, orange-­yellow, the lobes ca 3 cm long, spreading, tinged with red-orange inside near throat, the tube orange, bulbous, 5-lobed, ca 1 cm long, markedly constricted above sta­mens, the throat ca 3 cm long; stamens near base of tube; filaments and connective of the anthers densely short-­pubescent; anthers sagittate, connate, glued to stigma; style 1; stigma l, fusiform. Follicles paired, obovoid when young, becoming oblong-ellipsoid at maturity, to 22 cm long and 6 cm wide, rounded at base, narrowly rounded and weakly oblique at apex, glabrous, green tinged with brown; seeds many, the seminiferous portion terete, brown, ca 4 cm long, narrowed to a slender stalk and bearing a plume of silky white trichomes ca 7 cm long at apex. Croat 8315,16597.

Common in the forest and along the lakeshore. Flowers throughout the dry season and in the early rainy season, with the fruits maturing during the dry season of the following year.

These widely dispersed, buoyant seeds are commonly found throughout the forest during the dry season. The trichomes of the plume are spreading to erect, with the seed usually suspended vertically. In O. puncticulosa, the trichomes of the plume are spread in all directions, but chiefly arched downward and below the seed. As a result, the alignment of the seed during flight is far less depend­able than in O. macrantha.

Costa Rica south through tropical South America; Trinidad. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, San Blas, and Panama, from premon­tane dry forest in Herrera, and from premontane wet forest in Panama.

See Figs. 455, 456, and 457.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Odontadenia macrantha flower
  • Odontadenia macrantha flower
  • Odontadenia macrantha flower plant
  • Odontadenia macrantha seed-wet
  • Odontadenia macrantha seed-wet
  • Odontadenia macrantha seed-wet
  • Odontadenia macrantha seed-wet
  • Odontadenia macrantha
  • Odontadenia macrantha