Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Licania hypoleuca

Benth., Bot. Voy. Sulphur 91, t. 32.1844

Garapata

Tree, to 15 m tall; trunk ca 20 cm dbh; outer bark unfis­sured, minutely roughened, thin; inner bark reddish-­brown, thin, hard; branches enlarged at base; young branchlets and petioles puberulent; sap with faint, pun­gent odor. Petioles 0.5-1 cm long; stipules minute, paired, subpersistent; blades ovate, acuminate at apex, obtuse to rounded at base, 5.5-10 cm long, 2.5-5 cm wide, glabrous above, whitish below with dense, minute, arachnoid tri­chomes. Flowers minute, in terminal or upper-axillary panicles 10-20 cm long, the branches and pedicels densely and minutely puberulent; hypanthium campanu­late or turbinate, to 2 mm long; calyx lobes 5, minute, ovate, acute; petals lacking; stamens 3, less than 1 mm long; anthers about half as long as filaments; ovary white-­hirsute; style to 2 mm long, adjacent to the 2 stamenless calyx lobes. Fruits pyriform to obovate, to 2.5 cm long and 2 cm diam, at first pink to red, becoming white and soft at maturity, usually with a minute depression at apex; mesocarp thick, fleshy, sweet, somewhat pithy; seed obovate, ca 1 cm diam. Croat 14648.

Infrequent, in both the younger and older forests. Probably flowers in the early dry season. The fruits are mature mostly from April to June.

Southern Mexico to Colombia, Venezuela, the Gui­anas, and Amazonian Brazil. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest on BCI and in Darien and from pre­montane wet forest in Panama (Cerro Azul).

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Licania hypoleuca
  • Licania hypoleuca
  • Licania hypoleuca
  • Licania hypoleuca
  • Licania hypoleuca Fruit
  • Licania hypoleuca Fruit Leaf
  • Licania hypoleuca Fruit Leaf
  • Licania hypoleuca Leaf
  • Licania hypoleuca
  • Licania hypoleuca