Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Ficus maxima

P. Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Ficus no. 6.1768

Free-growing tree, to 20 (30) m tall, to 1 m dbh; outer bark thin, light brown, coarse but planar; inner bark thick, light, marbled; smaller twigs and petioles with a scurfy brown periderm; sap clear or turbid, copious. Petioles 1-3 (4) cm long; stipules lanceolate, 1-2.5 cm long, usually glabrous; blades obovate to elliptic, usually abruptly short-acuminate, cuneate and 3-veined at base, ending abruptly on petiole,        9-16.5 (25) cm long, 5-8 (11) cm wide, stiff, asperous and very inconspicuously pubes­cent beneath or glabrous. Figs solitary, globose, 2-3 mm diam, reddish inside before maturity, green outside at maturity, the surface ± punctate and asperous with stiff, short trichomes; peduncles 5-10 (25) mm long, minutely pubescent; ostioles inconspicuous, ± flat; basal bracts 3, short, rounded. Croat 8363.

Occasional, in the forest. Interfloral phase is 30 days. The species is not very conspicuous because the trunk is not light-colored, as are many other figs, nor is it con­spicuously buttressed.

Southern Mexico to the Amazon basin; Cuba, Jamaica. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Los Santos, Panama, and Darien and from pre­montane moist forest in the Canal Zone.

See Fig. 202.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Ficus maxima fruit plant
  • Ficus maxima leaf
  • Ficus maxima seed-wet
  • Ficus maxima
  • Ficus maxima Fruit
  • Ficus maxima Fruit
  • Ficus maxima Fruit Leaf
  • Ficus maxima Fruit Leaf
  • Ficus maxima Fruit Leaf
  • Ficus maxima Leaf