Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Eugenia uniflora

L., Sp. Pl. 470.1753

Surinam cherry

Shrub or small tree, to 10 m tall; stems glabrate in age. Petioles ca 2 mm long; blades ovate,            short-acuminate, rounded to subcordate at base, 2-6 cm long, 1.5-3 cm wide, glabrous in age,      pellucid-punctate. Flowers 4-parted, solitary or in fascicles, axillary; pedicels slender, to 2 cm long; sepals ovate, to 4 mm long, ciliate; petals white, obovate, to 12 mm long; stamens many; style l.

Berries depressed-globose, to 3 cm diam, ribbed, red at maturity; seed 1. Shattuck 71.

Collected once, possibly from a cultivated plant, since the species is reportedly cultivated and has not been seen in recent years on the island. Seasonal behavior not determined.

Native to tropical America; cultivated throughout the tropics and subtropics. In Panama, known only from this collection.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Eugenia uniflora