Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Eugenia principium

McVaugh, Fieldiana, Bot. 29:451.1963

Shrub or small tree, to 3 m tall; young stems, petioles, midribs, pedicels, and hypanthia bearing dense, short, erect trichomes. Petioles 1-2 mm long; blades ovate or elliptic, bluntly acuminate, mostly obtuse at base, 3.5-6 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm wide, pellucid-punctate, ± thick, the margins revolute and ciliate. Racemes or umbels abbreviated, nearly glabrous; pedicels slender, to 1 cm long, bearing 2 bracts beneath the hypanthium; flowers 4-parted; sepals ovate, ca 2 mm long, spreading at anthe­sis, glandular-dotted, persisting in fruit; petals obovate, ca 5 mm long, pellucid-dotted, ciliate; stamens numerous, ca 5 mm long; style simple. Berries globose, 4-5 mm diam, at first green, turning orange and finally black, glandular-dotted; seed 1, globose, ca 4 mm diam. Croat 5457.

Rare, seen only on the shore north of the Front # 8 Lighthouse Clearing. Seasonal behavior not determined. Mexico and Panama, probably elsewhere in Central America. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone (Atlantic slope), Panama, and Darien.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Eugenia principium
  • Eugenia principium Flower Leaf
  • Eugenia principium Fruit Leaf
  • Eugenia principium Fruit Leaf
  • Eugenia principium Leaf
  • Eugenia principium Trunk