Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Epidendrum difforme

Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. Ins. Carib. 29.1760

Caespitose or repent epiphyte, to 50 cm tall; pseudobulbs lacking; stems straight to flexuous, covered with leaf sheaths. Leaves usually ± oblong, blunt at apex and often emarginate, mostly 4-10 (12) cm long and 0.7-3.5 cm wide. Inflorescences short, terminal, subumbellate racemes; flowers green or yellowish (especially in age), long-pedicellate, few to several; sepals 12-35 mm long; petals 7-30 mm long; both petals and sepals narrow; lip waxy, reniform, broader than long, 12-30 mm broad, the claw adnate to the column. Fruits ellipsoid, ca 3.5 cm long and 2 cm diam. Croat 10106.

Occasional, sometimes locally abundant; a variable species usually high in trees. Flowering to some extent all year, mostly in the early rainy season, from April to August, but especially in July and August. Mature de­hiscing fruits are seen mostly in the dry season.

Pollinated by the moth Amastus acona in Ecuador (Dodson & Frymire,1961).

Throughout the New World tropics. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Veraguas (Coiba Island), Darién, and Panama, from pre­montane wet forest in Chiriqui and Coclé, and from lower montane wet forest in Chiriqui.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Epidendrum difforme
  • Epidendrum difforme
  • Epidendrum difforme
  • Epidendrum difforme