Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Cordia bicolor

DC., Prodr. 9:485. 1845

Tree, usually 8-14 (20) m tall; younger parts appressed­-pubescent. Leaves alternate; petioles usually 4-8 mm long; blades elliptic to ovate, acuminate to acute at apex, obtuse to rounded at base, 10-18 cm long, 5-8 cm wide, ± entire, darker and moderately appressed-pubescent above, paler below with slender appressed trichomes on veins, the trichomes obscuring the surface. Panicles open, with flowers in small cymes; flowers bisexual; calyx tubular-campanulate, ca 4 mm long, with 5 small, ± 4-unequal teeth, persistent in fruit; corolla white, salver­form, 4.5-6 cm long, 5-lobed ca one-third its length; stamens 5, exserted; filaments ca 3 mm long; anthers ca 1.5 mm long; ovary ovoid; style lobed, the lobes 4,          ex­serted, clavate. Drupes ovoid, ca 1 cm long, attached at base, dull green turning yellow, with dense, short, ap­pressed trichomes; seeds ovoid, ca 8 mm long. Croat 5630.

Frequent in the forest. Flowers from February to May, especially in February and March, with the fruits ma­turing from May to July. Different branches of the tree may not flower synchronously.

Sporadic in Central America and northeastern South America; southernmost Lesser Antilles. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Panama, and Darien and from premontane wet forest in Panama (Altos de Rio Pacora, ca 800 m elevation).

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Cordia bicolor flower-bud
  • Cordia bicolor flower
  • Cordia bicolor Inflorescence
  • Cordia bicolor Inflorescence
  • Cordia bicolor flower plant
  • Cordia bicolor fruit
  • Cordia bicolor immature-fruit
  • Cordia bicolor immature-Infructescences
  • Cordia bicolor seed-dry
  • Cordia bicolor seed-wet