Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Cnestidium rufescens

Planch., Linnaea 23:440. 1850

Liana, usually slender; younger branches, petioles, rach­ises, lower midribs, axes of inflorescences, pedicels, and calyces densely ferruginous-pubescent. Leaves impari­pinnate, 10-25 cm long; leaf scars prominent; petioles 2-6 cm long; petiolules to 3 mm long; leaflets 7-11, alter­nate to opposite,       obovate-oblong to elliptic, acute to bluntly acuminate, obtuse to rounded at base, persistently ferruginous-pubescent, especially below, the terminal leaflet 3.5-12 cm long, 1.5-6 cm wide, the others some­what smaller. Flowers 5-6 mm diam, numerous, slightly aromatic, in upper-axillary panicles 6-15 cm long; ped­icels very short; sepals 5, oblong-ovate, acute to blunt, to 1.5 (3) mm long, slightly accrescent in fruit; petals 5, white, oblong, acute to rounded at apex, to 3.5 mm long, spreading to recurved; stamens 10, in alternate cycles of 2 lengths, united briefly at base, the longest to 2.5 mm; ovary and base of styles densely pubescent with stiff white trichomes; ovary of usually 5 free carpels; styles to 2.5 mm long, erect; stigmas simple. Follicles sessile, solitary, densely ferruginous-tomentose, ca 1.5 cm long; seed 1, oblong, black, shiny, ca 1 cm long, the basal aril orange. Croat 7878, 16701.

Infrequent, along the shore and at the margin of the forest in clearings. Flowers from July to September. The fruits mature by the early dry season (December to March).

Southern Mexico to Colombia; Cuba. Common in most of Panama at lower elevations; known principally from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Bocas del Toro, Colón, Herrera, Panama, and Darién; known also from premontane moist forest in the Canal Zone and Panama, from tropical dry forest in Coclé and Panama (Taboga Island), and from premontane wet forest in Chiriqui and Panama.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Cnestidium rufescens fruit
  • Cnestidium rufescens seed-wet
  • Cnestidium rufescens
  • Cnestidium rufescens
  • Cnestidium rufescens
  • Cnestidium rufescens
  • Cnestidium rufescens
  • Cnestidium rufescens
  • Cnestidium rufescens
  • Cnestidium rufescens