Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Clitoria javitensis

H.B.K., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 2:42.1858

C. portobellensis Beurl.; C. arborescens sensu auct. Non

H.B.K. Peronil

Liana, becoming shrubby elsewhere in open areas, lack­ing tendrils; younger stems reddish-brown, to 12 mm diam. Leaves trifoliolate; stipules lanceolate, ca 7 mm long, pubescent, persistent; petioles 1-15 cm long, red­dish-villous; rachis of terminal leaflet to 30 mm long; petiolules of lateral leaflets ca 4 mm long, pulvinate and articulate at apex; leaflets elliptic to obovate, abruptly short-acuminate, rounded at base,  6-22 cm long and 3.5-11 cm wide, dark above, paler below, glabrous above, ± pubescent below at least on the midrib. Racemes axil­lary, to 30 cm long; bracts and bracteoles ovate, acute, ca 7 mm long, striate; pedicels to 4 mm long; calyx to 3.5 cm long and 1 cm wide, the lobes sharply and abruptly acuminate, the carinal tooth to 8 mm long, the others somewhat shorter; standard white with divergent red lines at center, often infused throughout with pink, rounded at apex, the sides folded over other petals, to ca 8 cm long; wings white, fused to keel above, the keel white, the 2 sides free except at ± twisted apex,     enclos­ing style and stamens, the wings and keel each to ca 6.5 cm long; stamens of 2 lengths, the free stamen and alter­nate stamens of the staminal tube short, the others slightly longer, the longest to ca 5.5 cm long, considerably ex­ceeded by the densely pubescent style. Legumes on stipes 3 cm long, linear, flattened, sometimes broader toward the apex, to 27 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, abruptly long-­acuminate (the acumen to 4 cm long), softly brown-villous; valves twisting when dry at maturity and capable of straightening or twisting repeatedly with changes in humidity; seeds 7-11, ca 12 mm long, 10 mm wide, and 5 mm thick, black. Croat 4853, 8497.

Common in the forest, growing to the top of the can­opy, and at the edges of clearings. Flowers from October to May, mostly early in the dry season, in January and February. The fruits mature from January to May, mostly in April and May.

Pollen is shed in the bud. The style and anthers are released violently by the pollinator.

This species has been confused with C. arborescens Ait. from the Lesser Antilles and the Guianas and also with C. glaberrima Pitt., which generally occurs in drier regions of Panama than does                 C. javitensis. It is possibly conspecific with C. leptostachya Benth.

Panama to the Guianas, northern Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador. In Panama, known principally from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Colón, Chiriqui, Vera­guas, Panama, and Darien; known also from tropical dry forest in Panama (Taboga Island) and from premontane wet forest in Chiriqui.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Clitoria javitensis var portobellensis capsule
  • Clitoria javitensis var portobellensis flower-bud
  • Clitoria javitensis var portobellensis flower-bud
  • Clitoria javitensis var portobellensis flower
  • Clitoria javitensis var portobellensis flower
  • Clitoria javitensis var portobellensis Inflorescence
  • Clitoria javitensis var portobellensis Inflorescence
  • Clitoria javitensis var portobellensis Inflorescence
  • Clitoria javitensis var portobellensis flower plant
  • Clitoria javitensis var portobellensis seed-dry