Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Cissus erosa

L. C. Rich., Actes Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 1:106. 1792

C. salutaris Kunth ex H.B.K.

Vine with simple tendrils, glabrous or with scattered pilose pubescence throughout; stems angled or winged on margins, usually maroon at nodes and speckled with maroon all over (not obvious on dried specimens), the older stems woody. Leaves trifoliolate; stipules ovate, subpersistent, minute (to 5 mm long); petioles 2-6 cm long, maroon at base and apex, angled and often winged on margins; leaflets crenate-serrate, the terminal one ± elliptic, obtuse to bluntly acuminate at apex, cuneate at base, 4.5-16 cm. long, 1.5-8 cm wide, on a short       peti­olule, the lateral leaflets smaller than terminal leaflet, inequilateral, ovate to ovate-elliptic, acute to obtuse at apex, rounded to subcuneate at base, 3.5-12 cm. long, 2-6 cm wide. Cymes corymbiform, opposing leaves, con­gested in pseudoumbels; peduncles tetragonal, 5-12 cm long; flowers 4-parted, red; pedicels 2-5 mm long, villous; calyx cupular, the lobes short or obscure; petals valvate, acute at apex, cucullate within, often falling free at anthe­sis; stamens 4, set between notches in the thick disk, erect at anthesis, later recurved, somewhat reflexed; anthers open in bud; filaments and connective red; style short; stigma simple. Fruits orbicular, to 6 mm diam, purple-black at maturity; seeds usually 2. Croat 12943.

Occasional, on the shore and at the edge of clearings; possibly also in the forest canopy. One of the most com­mon species of Cissus on the island. Flowers throughout the year, especially in the early rainy season. The fruits develop rapidly.

Mexico to Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Peru, and Bolivia; West Indies. In Panama, known from tropi­cal moist forest in the Canal Zone, Colon, San Blas, Veraguas, Herrera, and Panama, from premontane moist forest in the Canal Zone and Los Santos, from premon­tane wet forest in Colon, Coclé, and Panama, and from tropical wet forest in Colon.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Cissus erosa subsp erosa Inflorescence
  • Cissus erosa subsp erosa flower plant
  • Cissus erosa subsp erosa fruit
  • Cissus erosa subsp erosa Infructescences
  • Cissus erosa subsp erosa fruit plant
  • Cissus erosa subsp erosa immature-fruit
  • Cissus erosa subsp erosa immature-fruit plant
  • Cissus erosa subsp erosa leaf
  • Cissus erosa subsp erosa seed-dry
  • Cissus erosa subsp erosa seed-wet