Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Byrsonima spicata

(Cav.) H.B.K., Nov. Gen. & Sp. 5:147.1822

B. coriacea (Sw.) Kunth

Nance, Nancillo

Tree, to 22 m tall, the trunk to 40 cm dbh; outer bark thin, light brown, with many minute fissures; inner bark brownish-red, moderately thick, the sap lacking odor; young parts ferruginous,                   appressed-pubescent. Stipules narrowly triangular, ca 3 mm long; petioles to 8 mm long; blades     oblong-elliptic, acuminate, acute and decurrent at base, 5-10 (14) cm long, 1.5-3 (4.5) cm wide, glabrate or sparsely pubescent below and on midrib above in age. Pseudoracemes terminal, 6-10 cm long; pedicels 4-8 mm long; flowers many, ca 1.5 cm diam, yellow; sepals to 2 mm long, lobed, glandular, the glands 10, oblong-obovate, yellow, the lobes curved outward at apex; petals subequal, ± orbicular, concave, clawed, 4-6 mm diam, subentire, 1 petal flat and somewhat more erect than the others; stamens 10, in 2 series, nearly erect, 3-3.5 mm long; filaments pubescent, nearly as long as anthers; anthers introrse, the connective swollen, somewhat prolonged at apex; styles 3, narrowly pointed, distinct, slightly longer than stamens, persisting in fruit. Drupes ± globose, ca 10 mm diam, glabrous, green to yellow or        yellow-orange at maturity; pyrenes 3. Croat 11133.

Infrequent; known from the younger forest on Colo­rado Peninsula. Flowers from June to August, with the fruits maturing from August to October.

The fruits are probably dispersed by birds or other arboreal frugivores.

Costa Rica to Colombia and Venezuela; West Indies. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone and Darien and from tropical wet forest in Colon (Salúd) and Darien.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Byrsonima spicata
  • Byrsonima spicata Fruit
  • Byrsonima spicata Flower Leaf
  • Byrsonima spicata Flower Leaf
  • Byrsonima spicata Fruit Leaf
  • Byrsonima spicata Leaf
  • Byrsonima spicata
  • Byrsonima spicata
  • Byrsonima spicata
  • Byrsonima spicata