Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Banara guianensis

Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane Fr. 1:548, pl. 217. 1775

Shrub or small tree, to 6 m tall; stems with short ap­pressed pubescence when young, glabrate in age. Stipules triangular, minute, persistent; petioles 3-15 mm long, densely appressed-pubescent, with 1 or 2 stalked glands near apex on lower surface; blades oblong-ovate to oblong-elliptic, acurninate, usually rounded to truncate at base, 7-16 cm long, 3-7 cm wide, the pubescence short, appressed, sparse above, the margins serrate, the teeth gland-tipped. Panicles narrow, to 12 cm long, termi­nal or opposite leaves; inflorescence branches, sepals, and petals densely whitish-tomentose; peduncles to 5 cm long; pedicels ca 5-9 mm long; flowers 4-parted; sepals ovate, 4-6 mm long, persistent in fruit; petals narrowly ovate, greenish-yellow, alternating with sepals, sub­persistent in fruit; stamens many; style simple. Berries globose or depressed-globose, ca 8 mm diam, glabrous, green to blackish, with a long stout apiculum at apex; seeds many, tiny. Foster 1175.

Rare, in the forest. Flowers from May to July (rarely as early as January elsewhere). The fruits are mature principally from July to September.

The fruits are probably chiefly bird dispersed.

Costa Rica to northern South America. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Bocas del Toro, Veraguas, Coclé, and Panama, from tropical dry forest in Coclé, from premontane wet forest in Chiriqui, Coclé, and Panama, from tropical wet forest in Colon and Coclé, and from premontane rain forest in Coclé.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Banara guianensis
  • Banara guianensis Gland
  • Banara guianensis Gland
  • Banara guianensis Fruit Leaf
  • Banara guianensis Leaf
  • Banara guianensis