Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Annona spraguei

Saff., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 16:270.1913

Chirimoya, Negrito

Tree, to 15 m tall; outer bark thin, with broad shallow fissures in young trees; inner bark thin; branchlets tomen­tose when young, glabrous in age; sap at first with pun­gent odor, soon fading. Leaves deciduous,    short-pilose all over, more sparsely above; petioles 5-15 mm long; blades oblong-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, acuminate, rounded to obtuse at base, 15-30 cm long, 6-11 cm wide. Flowers solitary, arising between nodes, globose in bud, on pedicels 1-2 cm long; sepals 3, connate at base, the lobes deltoid, to 1.3 cm long; petals 3, valvate, to 6 mm thick, broadly ovate, acute at apex, to 3 cm long, moder­ately pubescent outside with a purple spot inside near base; stamens numerous, ca 4 mm long. Fruits fleshy aggregates, ± globose, to 6 cm diam, green, shaggy with dense, long-attenuate protuberances; seeds many, l per carpet, oblong, to 1 cm long. Croat 5070, 6750.

Frequent in the forest, especially in the young forest. Leaves are lost in the middle of the dry season. The flowers often appear at the same time as the new leaves, usually from February to June. The fruits are probably mature from June to October.

Known only from Panama, from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Panama, and Darién from       premon­tane wet forest in the Canal Zone, and from tropical wet forest in Colon.

See Fig. 235.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Annona spraguei flower-bud
  • Annona spraguei flower-bud plant
  • Annona spraguei flower
  • Annona spraguei immature-fruit
  • Annona spraguei immature-fruit
  • Annona spraguei leaf
  • Annona spraguei seed-dry
  • Annona spraguei
  • Annona spraguei
  • Annona spraguei Fruit