Flora of Barro Colorado Island

Anacardium occidentale

L., Sp. Pl. 383.1753

Cashew, Marañón

Small cultivated tree, usually to 8 m tall and 25-30 cm dbh; branches roughened somewhat with prominent lenticels. Leaves simple, alternate; petioles 1-1.5 cm long; blades obovate, rounded to emarginate at apex, mostly acute at base, 6-16 cm long, 4.5-8 cm wide, glabrous; midrib and major lateral veins impressed and paler above, raised and paler below, the reticulate veins obscure. Panicles terminal; flowers bisexual, pedicellate, 5-parted, fragrant, puberulent on exposed parts outside; calyx lobes sharp; petals reflexed at about middle, sharply lobed, 1-2 mm wide, white to reddish near middle at anthesis, otherwise greenish; stamens 10, 1 much longer, exserted, the shorter ones held about midway in tube formed by recurved petals, often of different lengths, sometimes sterile; anthers occasionally with one theca held higher than the other; filaments fused near base; style 1, minute; nectar collecting both within ring of petals and between petals and sepals. Nuts reniform, 2-3.5 cm long, violet-purple to brown, borne at apex of an obovate, bright red, edible, fleshy hypocarp (the accrescent pedicel); mesocarp thin; seed l. Croat 6917.

Cultivated at the Laboratory Clearing. Flowers from November to May (sometimes from October). The fruits mature from April to July (sometimes from December). Native to the American tropics, but cultivated through­out the tropics. In Panama, known principally from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone (both slopes), Chiriqui, Veraguas, Los Santos, Herrera, Panama, and Darién; known also from tropical dry forest in Panama (Taboga Island), from premontane wet forest in Colón, Chiriqui, and Panama, and from premontane moist forest in Panama.

Photos from STRI Digital Archive

  • Anacardium occidentale
  • Anacardium occidentale
  • Anacardium occidentale
  • Anacardium occidentale Fruit
  • Anacardium occidentale Flower Leaf
  • Anacardium occidentale Flower Leaf
  • Anacardium occidentale Leaf
  • Anacardium occidentale Flower Fruit Leaf
  • Anacardium occidentale
  • Anacardium occidentale